By Angus Konstam
The seventh U-Boat Flotilla - 'Wegener' - was once shaped in Kiel in June 1938 with six boats, just one of which survived operationally to the top of the warfare. Early battle motion from Kiel replaced thoroughly after the autumn of France while the flotilla moved to St Nazaire, the place it should stay till the Allied advances led its last boats to maneuver to Norway.
Some 114 boats observed carrier with the flotilla and so much of them served within the North Atlantic the place their operations nearly introduced Britain to its knees. the tale of the flotilla begins with the tale of the convoy predators; in the course of the grim realities of the convoy method whose escorts benefited from extremely decrypting of the Kriegsmarine's codes; the bloodbath of the U-boats trying to halt the invasion of Europe; to the ultimate coda as 14 boats escaped from St. Nazaire to Norway.
Ian Westwell spent 5 years within the Royal army sooner than turning into Curator of guns on the Royal Armouries. After a spell as a marine archaeologist he grew to become leader Curator on the Mel Fisher Maritime Museum in Key West. He moved again to England to jot down complete time in 2001.
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Additional info for 7th U-Boat Flotilla. Dönitz’s Atlantic Wolves
Exceptions are the lighthouses and outer moles protecting the New (South) Entrance to the Submarine Basin. Right: Looking from the larger of the two sea locks towards the V-boat bunker in the non-tidal part of the harbour at St Nazaire. On the right, below the long arm of the crane, is the smaller sea lock with the German bunkered lock behind it. This picture was taken during the summer of the year 2000. The flotilla was allocated a special train by the German State Railway, and by November 1940 the process of relocation had begun, as initial work parties arrived in St Nazaire to prepare for later shipments.
48 the quota set by Donitz in December 1941. C. Stulcken & Sohn, Hamburg Commissioned: 18 November 1941 Operational in flotilla: 1 July 1942 Commander: Kptlt Horst-Wilhelm Kessler Operational patrols: 5 Allied vessels sunk: 1 Fate: Transferred to 21st (Training) Flotilla on 1 April 1943; scuttled on 3 May 1945 U-607 (Type VIIC) Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg Commissioned: 29 January 1942 Operational in flotilla: 1 August 1942 Commander: Kptlt Ernst Mangersen Operational patrols: 5 Allied vessels sunk: 4 Fate: Sunk on 13 July 1943 (7 survivors) U-442 (Type VIIO Builder: F.
Yet, despite destruction and killing on an unprecedented scale, there were still many peaceful havens left. Below left: The British Commando raid on St Nazaire in March 1942 led to heightened security in and around the port. Kriegsmarine ratings were rarely called upon to perform security duties, as U-boat crews were considered too highly trained to risk in skirmishes on land with commandos or resistance groups. 45 SPEARHEAD: 7TH U-BOAT FLOTILLA Right: The officers mess at La Baule in 1942. The flotilla's Chief Engineering Officer, Kptlt Claus Erhardt, can be seen on the left.