By Rene De La Pedraja
A optimum authority has written the 1st accomplished reference in regards to the U.S. service provider Marine and American transport from the advent of steamships to brand new diesel containerships--showing the impression of politics, economics, and know-how on maritime historical past over the past centuries. Over 500 entries describe humans, inner most businesses, company and exertions teams, engineering and technological advancements, executive enterprises, phrases, key legislation, landmark instances, concerns, occasions, and ships of notice. brief lists of references for additional interpreting accompany those entries. Appendices contain a chronology, diagrams of presidency organisations, and lists of commercial and hard work teams through founding dates. An strangely wide index lends itself to the various study pursuits of scholars, academics, and pros in maritime and monetary heritage, business-labor-government family members, and army studies.
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Additional info for A Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Merchant Marine and Shipping Industry: Since the Introduction of Steam
Slater as an outside consultant. The repeated warnings of the government went unheeded, and the Shipping Board reluctantly began its own long cumbersome internal proceedings prior to foreclosing on AEL. With the government about to foreclose on AEL, the New York Shipbuilding Company, one of the creditors, took control of AEL in 1934 and demoted Herbermann to the position of vice president; to try to save AEL, New York Shipbuilding brought in a new talented transportation engineer, William H. * However, his first task was to find a buyer for AEL, because New York Shipbuilding had no intention of remaining the owner for long, and in any AMERICAN EXPORT LINES (AEL) 27 case the government did not want the same company to control a shipyard and a steamship line.
However, continued pressure from Seattle interests, antitrust court challenges, and the entrenched opposition of the AML bureaucracy blocked attempts to merge or even to combine some operations with American President Lines. Ownership was not enough to consolidate the two companies, but finally economic forces became too strong: AML "plus APL was going to be better than the sum of the two components. And if they remained as individuals, one of them was going to go down the drain" (Niven 1987). By the end of 1973 APL quietly absorbed AML, whose existence came to a close.
Congress, House, Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, Investigation of Shipping Combinations, 4 vols. 18 ALEXANDRE LINE (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1913); Paul M. Zeis, American Shipping Policy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1938). ALEXANDRE LINE, 1867-1888. The Alexandre Line established the first regular steamship service between New York City and the Atlantic ports of Mexico. In 1874 the Alexandre Line (by then formally styled the New York, Havana, and Mexican Mail Steamship Line) received a mail subsidy from the Mexican government.