By Angus M. Gunn
This complete reference explains in transparent phrases what we all know approximately climate, from the typical to the extraordinary. A scholar consultant to weather and climate introduces scholars and different readers to the dynamic paintings of meteorologists and climatologists, in particular their efforts to mitigate the influence of climate occasions and weather swap on humans and the environment.The 5 separate volumes of A scholar consultant to weather and climate specialise in climate extremes; air lots and climate styles; cyclones, hurricanes, and tornadoes; weather switch; and the Earth and the solar. every one quantity combines a wealth of clinical information, dramatic historic occasions, and the newest principles and strategies from the worlds of meteorology and climatology. What did we study from the dirt Bowl? What are the results of Arctic melting? How can we safeguard towns close to oceans from emerging sea degrees? those and different an important questions are explored during this cornerstone reference.
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Extra resources for A Student Guide to Climate and Weather 5 volumes
History, and the worst series of heat waves, swept across the Midwest in the 1930s, devastating agriculture and making living conditions unbearable. Dust clouds overwhelmed farms and homes, and this feature gave rise to the term “Dust Bowl,” the enduring identity of the time. The dust clouds created darkness at noon. It was difﬁcult, at times, to see another person clearly across a living room because the dust was everywhere, entering homes through cracks in windows and doors. Even the best-constructed homes were helpless against the repeated attacks of the dust storms.
The Crusades were a different kind of venture by Europeans, a series of military campaigns against Muslims in the Middle East, who, in 1076, had captured Jerusalem. The Muslim occupiers of the city fought back, and conﬂicts ensued. The several Crusades, as these wars were called, continued for two hundred years. It is an interesting coincidence that they all ended before 1300, that is to say, before the Little Ice Age. It may be that some of the debilitating effects of the changing weather had some inﬂuence on the ending of these wars.
The ﬂood was unusual in the magnitude of the crests, the number of record crests, the large area impacted, and the length of the time the ﬂood persisted. The Mississippi River drainage basin, which includes the Missouri basin, is one of the largest in the world and the largest in North America. Floods have been a constant feature of it since historical records began to be kept, about two hundred years ago. In the early part of that period, perhaps because state’s rights have always been a top priority in the political life of America, these ﬂoods were regarded as the responsibilities of the states affected despite the obvious fact that no state could control conditions upstream in other states.