By T. D. Foster
This textbook provides an realizing of the heritage of scientific orthodontics, yet as a lot of scientific orthodontics should be discovered within the hospital, the booklet emphasises equipment layout in view that this is often studied at the published web page. Divided largely into 3 components the booklet first covers the rules of the teeth circulation and therapy making plans together with extractions. the ultimate chapters clarify the mechanisms of detachable, fastened and sensible equipment remedy together with the remedy of the most classifications of malocclusion
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Extra info for A Textbook of Orthodontics
Howat and Spary (personal communication 1989) have outlined the functional aspects of the occlusion which should be present at the completion of orthodontic treatment. These are: 1 Centric occlusion should be the same as centric relation to avoid postural deviations. 2 There should be maximum possible tooth contact in centric occlusion, in order to spread periodontal stress. 3 Incisal guidance should separate the buccal teeth on mandibular protrusion. e. the lower six anterior teeth should all be in contact with upper incisors.
Descriptive quantification of other irregularities. Orthodontic treatment and occlusion At the end of treatment, the functional as well as the static occlusion should be correct. References Andrews, L. F. (1972) The six keys to normal occlusion. Am J Orthod, 62, 296-309. Angle, E. H. (1899) Classification of malocclusion. Dent Cosmos, 41, 248-264. Foster, T. D. & Day, A. J. W. (1974) A survey of malocclusion and tfie need for orthodontic treatment in a Shropshire school population. Br J Orthod, 1, 73-78..
There is, unfortunately, little general agreement on the terminology regarding occlusion and mandibular position. It is hoped that the following description will give a rational explanation, although differences in terminology still exist. Mandibular positions Non-occlusal positions of the mandible 1 Rest position The position of the mandible at rest, sometimes called the endogenous postural position is the position when all the muscles controlling Fig. 1. The erupting teeth are guided into position by the muscular activity of the lips, cheeks and tongue.