By Kevin D. Mccranie
Lord Keith, a Scottish admiral who rose to prominence serving His Majesty from 1761 to 1815, ended his profession by means of overseeing Napoleon’s give up in 1815. Born George Keith Elphinstone, Keith at one time or one other held approximately each very important command within the British army, and his tale illustrates the navy’s historical past in the course of the Age of scuffling with Sail. McCranie’s publication is the 1st glossy biography of Keith, who realized the artwork of commanding unmarried ships and small squadrons in the course of the American Revolution. Keith finally commanded 4 significant fleets—the japanese Seas, the Mediterranean, the North Sea, and the Channel. although he by no means led a fleet into conflict, Keith supported joint operations with the British military and its allies whereas at the same time preserving command of the ocean and making sure the loose passage of trade. a talented administrator, who now and then managed greater than 2 hundred ships over hundreds of thousands of sq. miles of ocean, Keith effectively navigated the political and social waters in addition. Drawing on greater than 100,000 inner most and public files, McCranie files Keith’s dealings with the British govt, the Royal kin, the Admiralty, the French executive, the French military, the British military, and Britain’s allies. mentioning letters Keith wrote to his spouse, his sister, his oldest daughter, and his father, to whom he defined his first impressions of the military, the writer bargains a private portrait and narrative of a career-conscious officer who apprehensive approximately what others considered him. This ebook will entice historians of the Royal army, the French Revolution, and the Napoleonic period, in addition to lovers of the Age of combating Sail.
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Additional info for Admiral Lord Keith and the Naval War against Napoleon (New Perspectives on Maritime History and Nautical Archaeology)
This was unusual in the naval service, and in the absence of freshwater, these baths were in saltwater. ”39 Once in the Mediterranean, the Robust maneuvered as part of Hood’s fleet, and when the sailing order of battle was created, Elphinstone’s was the lead ship. Although this was a mark of honor due to his seniority, it was also a curse when practicing for a fleet engagement, since it involved sailing in a line of battle. Wherever his lead ship steered, the rest of the fleet followed. 40 On 10 June, Hood ordered Elphinstone to take six ships-of-the-line to water at Cádiz.
M. he ordered his ship cleared for action and soon signaled for his squadron to form a line of battle with the Carysfort in the van. m. Elphinstone watched as the enemy squadron began to disperse, with the schooners sailing to the northwest. An hour and fifteen minutes later the unknown frigate broke away from her larger consort to escape. m. the two-decked ship hoisted the French colors, and soon she engaged Elphinstone’s squadron with her stern chasers. 67 These ships were likely part of de Grasse’s French fleet which Admiral Rodney had defeated at the Battle of Saintes on 12 April.
With perhaps the exception of the last, Carleton had orders to slowly evacuate these bases. 65 Elphinstone understood the transport problem and was familiar with Savannah, Charleston, and St. Augustine, so Carleton sought his advice and recorded that Elphinstone thought it best to postpone evacuating St. 66 Meanwhile, Elphinstone received command of a small squadron consisting of the Warwick, Astrea (32), and Carysfort (28) with orders to sail off the Chesapeake. Under cloudy skies with a light breeze, the squadron sighted four sail on 15 July 1782.