By A. R. M. Murray
First released in 1953, this seminal creation to political philosophy is meant for either the scholar of political concept and for the overall reader. After an advent and is the reason the character and goal of philosophy, Dr Murray offers a severe exam of the primary theories complex via political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying precise consciousness to modern issues.
The e-book additionally attempts to outline the fundamental problems with philosophical value in modern politics, with precise connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how the various ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic platforms of presidency are finally established upon varied theories of common sense.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Political Philosophy
22 An Introduction to Political Philosophy he is not discharging his intended function and will miss that happiness and contentment which is the natural result of the performance of that function. The apparent object of these arguments is to show that power for its own sake is not, in practice, what strong men actually desire. It is argued that they desire to promote what they believe to be the good of those in their power and that they exercise their power in accordance with rational principles of conduct This may well be so, but the arguments seem to miss the real point of Thrasymachus's theory.
If this were not the case he would not regard morality as a possible object of knowledge. It is, he thinks, a possible object of knowledge for those who have been suitably trained just because the goodness of a thing is determined by the Form of the Good, and its goodness can therefore be recognized by those who are acquainted with that Form, or whose knowledge issuesfromit 2 Now it must be conceded that, even if moral propositions are a priori, there may not be any way of demonstrating this truth to anyone who fails to recognize it.
At this time the presidency of the Academy, which had beenfilledsince Plato's death by Speusippus, became vacant, but Aristotle was not selected to succeed him. C. he opened a rival school known as the Lyceum, and he was followed there by some members of the Academy. For the next twelve years he was fully occupied by his work in the Lyceum, and he gradually developed a teaching tradition of his own, departing from the Platonic tradition of the Academy by making biology and history, instead of mathematics, the primary subjects of study The Politics, like Aristotle's other works, takes the form of a treatise, not a dialogue, and its style is quite different from that of Plato's dialogues.