By Stewart Long, Roy Dowsing, Patrick Craven (auth.), Dr Ann Macintosh BSc, CEng, Mr Richard Ellis BSc, MSc, Dr Frans Coenen PhD (eds.)
The papers during this quantity are the referred purposes papers provided at ES 2002, the Twenty-second SGES overseas convention on wisdom established structures and utilized synthetic Intelligence, to be held in Cambridge in the course of December 2002. the appliance move is the biggest annual show off in Europe of genuine functions utilizing AI expertise. Papers awarded during this quantity describe the applying of AI to handle real-world difficulties, together with trade, production and defence and each significant AI approach; and spotlight severe parts of luck (and failure) and current the advantages and classes of price to different builders. this can be the 10th quantity within the functions and strategies in clever structures sequence. The sequence serves as a key reference as to how AI know-how has enabled firms to resolve advanced difficulties and achieve major company merits. The Technical circulation papers are released as a significant other quantity below the identify study and improvement in clever platforms XIX.
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Additional resources for Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems X: Proceedings of ES2002, the Twenty-second SGAI International Conference on Knowledge Based Systems and Applied Artificial Intelligence
Multicast employs a tree structure of the network to efficiently deliver the same data stream to a group of receivers. In multicast routing, one or more constraints must be applied to the entire tree. Several well-known multicast routing problems have been studied in the literatures. The Steiner tree problem  tries to fmd the least-cost tree, the tree covering a group of destinations with the minimum total cost over all the links. It is also called the least-cost multicast routing problem, belonging to the class of tree-optimization problems.
2. Glover, F. (1993). A user's guide to tabu search. Annals of Operations Research 41,3-28. Bundy, G. Ll. 1996 Automated cartographic generalisation with a triangulated spatial model, PhD Thesis, available from the British Library. 49 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. II. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. E. and R Weibel. (1988). " International Journal of Geographical Information Systems 2(3), 229-244. S. and R B. McMaster. (1989). " In Proceedings of 9th International Symposium on Computer-Assisted Cartography (Auto-Carto 9), 56-67.
In addition, T(s, M) may contain relay nodes (Steiner nodes), that is, the IMI 54 nodes in the multicast tree but not in the multicast group. Let Prt,s, d) be a unique path in the tree T from the source node s to a destination node dEM. The total cost of the tree T(s,M) is defined as the sum of the cost of all links in that tree and can be given by C(T(s,M)) = L C(e) ... r(I,M) The total delay of the path Prt,s, d) is simply the sum of the delay of all links along Prt,s, d): D(Pr(s,d))= LD(e) ..